Diabetic retinopathy is a change in the retina’s blood vessels caused by diabetes. There are two types of diabetic retinopathy, non-proliferative and proliferative.
Non-proliferative retinopathy is less serious than proliferative, but demands attention and sometimes laser treatment. By controlling blood sugar a patient can help this form of retinopathy from progressing rapidly.
Proliferative retinopathy demands treatment with laser and possibly, anti-VEGF therapy.
The best way to treat these diabetic related eye problems is to control diabetes through diet and exercise. Controlling blood pressure and not smoking will also slow the appearance of these diseases.